The 'Everything But Arms' (EBA) regime is part of the EU's Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). Indeed, in addition to the general arrangement and the special incentive arrangement for sustainable development and good governance, the GSP comprises a special arrangement for those developing coutnries that have been recognised and classified as Least Developed Countries by the United Nations
-> Please click here to consult the list of countries formally recognized as LDCs by the United Nations.
Under this arrangement, all imports to the EU from LDCs are Duty Free, Quota Free (DFQF), but arms and ammunition (and with the exception of bananas, sugar and rice subjected to quantitative restrictions for a limited period). Trade in services is not covered by this scheme.
->Note that Cape Verde has been removed from the list of the LDCs in 2008
but continues to export under the EBA regulation. Indeed, in accordance with the procedure referred to in the general GSP Regulation, the country benefits from a transitional period that allows it to still be granted EBA preferences until the end of 2012 (see COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1126/2010 of 3 December 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 1547/2007 as regards an extension of the transitional period for withdrawing the Republic of Cape Verde from the list of beneficiary countries of the special arrangement for LDCs)
Some countries currently exporting under the EBA regime are currently negotiating an EPA with the EU. Please consult our EPA section for more information in this regard.
The European Comission has prepared a detailed and user friendly guide on GSP and EBA RoOs, completed with the necessary forms and documents, available here. You can find out the rules of origins for your product here, and a general, user friendly guide to export to the EU here.
RESOURCES AND RELEVANT PUBLICATIONS
An Introduction to the EU Scheme of Generalised Tariff Preferences, DG Trade, European Commission, July 2008 (includes information on EBA subregime).
* COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 416/2001 amending Regulation (EC) No 2820/98 applying a multiannual scheme of generalised tariff preferences for the period 1 July 1999 to 31 December 2001 so as to extend duty-free access without any quantitative restrictions to products originating in the least developed countries
* The Role of the Everything But Arms Trade Preferences Regime in the EU Development Strategy, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics, Proceedings of the 2010 German Development Economics Conference in Hanover Series, No.42.
* Mid-term Evaluation of the EU’s Generalised System of Preferences, CARIS report commissioned and financed by the Commission of the European Communities
* The Costs and Benefits of Duty-Free, Quota-Free Market Access for Poor Countries: Who and What Matters, Center for Global Development, Working Paper, March 2010
* Reforming trade preferences for Least Developed Countries, ODI Opinions 145, June 2010
* The New European Trade Preferences: Does Everything But Arms (EBA) Help the Poor? Development Policy Review, March 2002, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 91-102(12)
* EBA and Sugar
--> Regional perspectives on changing EU-ACP sugar sector relations: The impact of duty-free, quota-free access on ACP exporters, CTA Special Report, May 2010
--> Everything But Arms (EBA) and the EU Sugar market reform: Development gift or Trojan Horse?, German Development Institute - Discussion Paper - 10/2006
--> EBA-equivalence for non-LDC Sugar Exporters?, Trade Hot Topics Issue No. 44; The Commonwealth Secretariat
--> Guyana, Sugar and EBA: Case-Study of a Country which is Not Quite Least Developed, The Regulatory Framework of Globalisation Workshop to be held in Barcelona, Spain, 5 – 6 October 2001
Integrating EBA Sugar into the EU Sugar Market: a response from the LDCs to the draft proposal of the European Parliament, LDC London Sugar Group, 2005.
European Commission Directorate General for Trade web page on EBA